Paris and Impressionism #1 - Auguste Renoir

 

Pictorial movement of the second half of the 19th century in France, Impressionism movement marks the break between the Academic painting and the Modern Art.

Auguste Renoir - Pont Neuf - oil on canvas, 1872, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC. 

Auguste Renoir - Pont Neuf - oil on canvas, 1872, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC. 

The Impressionism shows daily realities, lighter, clearer and more bright than the Realism. The painters are interested in the perception of things by means of lighting effects and by means of movement. We would like today to make you discover three painters' portraits and their works which stood us out and which depict their impressions of Paris.

Considered as one of the most famous French painters, Auguste Renoir was a full member of the Impressionistic group. Under the influence of the painter Raphael, he will turn to a more realistic style in the 1880s.  The painter would have, during almost sixty years, realized approximately four thousand paintings.
It is in 1862, having been admitted in the School of Fine Arts, that Renoir enters to Charles Gleyre's studio where he will meet in particular Monet and Sisley, and it’s a real friendship that will weave between those three painters. The stay that Renoir makes with Monet at Grenouillère, on the island of Croissy-sur-Seine, is decisive for his career. He learns to represent the effects of the light rather than the shadows and he paints in height-air there.
It is at this particular moment that begins the Impressionism for Renoir. He exposes with the Impressionists from the First exhibition in 1874 and realizes his masterpiece: Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette, in Montmartre, in 1877. This ambitious painting is bought by Gustave Caillebotte, member and sponsor of the group.

Auguste Renoir - Le Bal du moulin de la Galette - Oil on canvas, 1876, Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Auguste Renoir - Le Bal du moulin de la Galette - Oil on canvas, 1876, Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette is characteristic of Renoir’s style and researches: fluid and colored touch, colored shadow, non-use of the black, the textures effect, lighting effect which leaks out through the foliage, the clouds, the taste for the scenes of Parisian popular life.

" The elegant restraint of the city dancers and the cool ballroom around them contrasts with the gaiety of the country dance in the open air."

Museum D'Orsay

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